Tuesday, September 27, 2022

Today -100: September 27, 1922: Of Schrödinger’s king and kkkommies

The Irish Parliament is discussing a new Irish constitution. It rejects Gavan Duffy’s amendment to omit any mention of the British king.

The Irish government is thinking about creating a prison camp for Republican rebels on some island.

The AP reports that King Constantine says he will stay on the Greek throne “until the people say they want me no more”; Central News reports that he has abdicated. So the NYT just sticks the two contradictory reports in a single story and lets them fight it out.

Albert Einstein, who fled death threats in Germany last month, is going on a 6-month lecture tour of Japan.

Michigan authorities, after a raid on a Communist meeting in the woods, claim to have seized papers showing Communist plans to infiltrate unions . Okay, fine. And the Ku Klux Klan. Ummmmmm?

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Monday, September 26, 2022

Today -100: September 26, 1922: Of bail, kletters, stickups, memoirs, and paparazzi

A couple of hundred miners, I guess, in Herrin, Illinois were indicted for murders and rioting and whatnot during the coal strike. Unionists and the mayor of Herrin, A.T. Pace, went around to businesses and raised millions of dollars of bail for several dozen of them. Many more don’t need bail at the moment, because they haven’t shown up at court.

The Pittsburgh Ku Klux Klan order the local federal prohibition agent to raid a particular saloon Saturday, with more to be named later. Agent Hawker, for that is his (awesome) name, says he can’t do that without actual evidence to support a search warrant. This is evidently the first time dry agents have received a Klan letter, or kletter as they probably call it.

“The allied decision to deprive Greece of Eastern Thrace has caused great consternation in Athens.”

The Dublin pub owned by Irish Pres. William Cosgrave is robbed by 8 armed Republicans while Cosgrave is present, which sounds like a sub-plot on Peaky Blinders.

Former kaiser Wilhelm’s memoirs are being serialized in Germany (and the NYT), and monarchist/right-wing Germans are upset that he’s pissed all over Bismarck’s memory. For them, it’s like if Trump made disparaging comments about Reagan; they just hate to see mama and papa fight.

A plane trying to take pictures of the estate of Wilhelm’s fiancee, the Princess Hermin of Reuss-Greiz, crashes and the princess has to take care of the pilots and an American reporter.

Headline of the Day -100:  

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Sunday, September 25, 2022

Today -100: September 25, 1922: Of sikis and fezes

A Parisian crowd at the world light heavyweight match of Georges Carpentier and Battling Siki force officials to retract the referee’s decision giving the win to the unconscious Carpentier because of alleged fouling (tripping) by Siki (photos show he didn’t trip him, but Carpentier did commit several fouls). What’s interesting is that Siki is black, from Senegal, but the crowd preferred fair play over race, in contrast, for example, to the riots following the 1910 defeat in the US of James Jeffries by Jack Johnson.

Siki was supposed to throw the match but changed his mind sometime during the fight. Ernest Hemingway, one of the audience members, partly based his 1927 short story “Fifty Grand” on this fight.

The changing circumstances of Turkish military victory has brought a major increase in the demand for fezes in Constantinople. They’re even having to import them from Austria.

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Saturday, September 24, 2022

Today -100: September 24, 1922: Of thraces, war guilt, and prop guns

Britain, France and Italy graciously grant eastern Thrace to Turkey, even Constantinople, while the Straits would be under League of Nations guardianship (of course the League lacks a navy, so in event of trouble it would have to call on Britain) (Turkey, incidentally, is not a member of the League). This would all require a new treaty to replace the Treaty of Sèvres enforced upon Turkey at the end of the Great War. The Allies are inviting Turkey to talks, and pointedly not inviting Russia.

Bulgaria will have a referendum on the fate of the government ministers who got the country into the Great War. If 50% of voters find them guilty, they will be exiled for 10 years. If 60%, they will be imprisoned for 10 years. If 70%, they’ll get life.

During filming of the movie Quicksands, Helene Chadwick accidentally shoots Noah Beery (father of Noah Beery, Jr., who played James Garner’s father, despite their mere 14-year age gap, in The Rockford Files) (I may have gotten distracted on imdb) with a prop gun that turned out not to be a prop gun. The movie, now lost, was written by Howard Hawks and Oliver Hardy.

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Friday, September 23, 2022

Today -100: September 23, 1922: It would be more fun if they were defending Zeus-worshipping civilization

Palestinians will boycott the Legislative Council elections decreed by the British, and Jewish rabbis are complaining that Muslim courts are granted more powers than the Jewish religious courts.

The Cable Act becomes law, allowing an American woman who marries a non-citizen to keep her citizenship if her husband is eligible to become a citizen (i.e., not an Asian or an anarchist or a polygamist). Non-citizen women who marry US citizens will have to naturalize independently of their husbands. This reverses a 1907 law that made a married woman’s citizenship status depend entirely on that of her husband. Various remaining discriminatory provisions will be dealt with by amendments from time to time through 1934.

Two white men are indicted for being part of a mob that lynched two black men, the first time this has happened (the indictment, not the lynching, obvs) in southeastern Georgia (Liberty County, no less).

Greece, which just badly lost a war with Turkey, threatens to go to war with Turkey if it invades Thrace. Greece says Thrace is part of Greece and the massacres in Smyrna shows that “Greece is defending Christian civilization.”

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Thursday, September 22, 2022

Today -100: September 22, 1922: Too many men are going to college

Ford plants reopen after being closed 5 days, Henry Ford thinking he’s made some sort of point about the coal & railroad strikes.

Rumors say that the Turkish nationalists are about to issue an ultimatum to the Allies to get out of Thrace in 48 hours. Regardless of the truth of that, they are threatening to declare war on Britain if it interferes with the movement of Turkish troops into Thrace. The Morning Post (London) says British troops in Constantinople will respond to disturbances with “concentrated fire of machine guns and Lewis guns which the undisciplined Turkish mobs could not confront for long.”

Dartmouth College President E. M. Hopkins tells the opening assembly of the academic year that “Too many men are going to college” and it should be reserved for the “aristocracy of brains, made up of men intellectually alert and intellectually eager... if democracy is to become a quality product rather than simply a quantity one”.

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Wednesday, September 21, 2022

Today -100: September 21, 1922: Of bonuses, klandidates, sabers, and diplomats

The Senate upholds Harding’s veto of the Bonus Bill by 4 votes, after the House voted to override it by a large margin (258-54). Many senators who supposedly support the bonus choose not to show up.

Walter Sims wins the Democratic primary for mayor of Atlanta. He is the KKK’s candidate, though it is not known if he’s a member. He is currently on the City Council, where he fought to fire a teacher for being Catholic (the article doesn’t say if he succeeded) and introduced an ordinance to bar the races mixing in church services, which the mayor vetoed.

Headline of the Day -100:  

Literally. Not especially subtle. They’re still clearing the bodies but Standard Oil is already back at work.

Harding appoints Lucile Atcherson secretary of an (undecided) embassy or legation, the first female diplomatic officer. The State Department will not take this lying down.

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Tuesday, September 20, 2022

Today -100: September 20, 1922: Harding to World War Veterans: Drop Dead

Pres. Harding vetoes the bonus bill. He objects to distributing, “whether inspired by grateful sentiment or political expediency,” so much money to a mere 5 million people out of 110 million Americans, “a bonus which the soldiers themselves, while serving in the World War, did not expect.”

In the Democratic primaries in Erie County, New York, William Randolph Hearst gets exactly zero (0) delegates in his gubernatorial run. Pundits think that might not portend well for him.

The US will keep out of the whole Near East thing, diplomatically and militarily.

Kemal Pasha informs France that he won’t attack Constantinople or the neutral zone along the Dardanelles if Turkey is allowed to take eastern Thrace, including Constantinople and Adrianople.

The Bulgarian prime minister announces that King Boris is looking to marry a rich, beautiful, rich, young, rich American girl. He doesn’t have anyone in particular in mind. 

Headline of the Day -100:  

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Monday, September 19, 2022

Today -100: September 19, 1922: Of applications, Turk-fighting, studios, graciousness, and technicolor

For the first time, the Harvard entrance application asks students for their race and color, and whether they or their father have changed their name (presumably looking for secret Jews).

Britain sends its Atlantic Fleet to the Mediterranean to keep the bloody Turk out of the Dardanelles

The Canadian government deflects Britain’s request for troops to fight the bloody Turk, saying public opinion would demand a vote by the Canadian Parliament first. 

Artists in NYC are hard-pressed for studio space as bootleggers have been taking over studio apartments in Greenwich Village.

Former kaiser Wilhelm, or as his press statement describes him, “His Majesty, the Kaiser and King” has “graciously decided to contract a second marriage” with Princess Hermine Reuss of Greiz. Graciously?

Hungary joins the League of Nations. 

A company called Technicolor Inc has been formed to produce color movies. Didn’t know the term was that old.

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Sunday, September 18, 2022

Today -100: September 18, 1922: Fiendish tortures are the worst kind of tortures

France and Italy fail to back Britain’s threat of military force against Turkey to keep the Straits (the Dardanelles) open. The Daily Mail isn’t too thrilled either, noting that Lloyd George’s planning for a new war against Turkey has reached the stage of trying to get the Dominions to send troops for Gallipoli 2: This Time It’s Personal. 

Headline of the Day -100:  

Bavaria bans tourists (it’s a falling-mark thing).

Lev Kamenev is now the “substitute president of the Cabinet of Ministers and Council of Labor and Defence” in place of Lenin.

The Danish film Häxan premieres. It’s about witches.

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Saturday, September 17, 2022

Today -100: September 17, 1922: Smyrna RIP

“Smyrna no longer exists,” exaggerates the Associated Press. And Greece claims that the Turks have massacred 100,000 Christians.

It’s not the first time a D.W. Griffith film has stirred controversy because of its depictions of history, but the people pissed off this time are French royalists, who disturb a Paris showing of Orphans of the Storm because of its depiction of pre-Revolution France. Griffith claims he was just following Dickens, whose A Tale of Two Cities was not the basis for this film. Remember: whenever in doubt, blame Dickens.

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Friday, September 16, 2022

Today -100: September 16, 1922: Turks will be Turks

Des Moines sheriff Rev. Winfred Robb resigned his pastorate so he could carry out (well, botch) an execution. It is believed he is the first ordained minister in US history to act as an executioner. He’s running for Congress, by the way. As a Democrat. He will lose.

A NYT editorial on the fires in Smyrna is entitled “Turks Will Be Turks.”

Headline of the Day -100:  

The sticks with nails are used to skewer hats.

Can’t help noticing a lot of ads in today’s paper for non-straw hats.

There’s an ad for Ben Hecht’s book Gargoyles, which I haven’t read but will. Here are its first words:

The calendars said—1900. It was growing warm. George Cornelius Basine emerged from Madam Minnie's house of ill fame at five o'clock on a Sabbath May morning. He was twenty-five years old, neatly dressed, a bit unshaven and whistling valiantly, "Won't you come home, Bill Bailey, won't you come home?"

A 1922 book which mentions an alliterative brothel in the 3rd sentence has to be well worth reading, right?

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Thursday, September 15, 2022

Today -100: September 15, 1922: Of Oklahomahoovian justice and... skin worms?

Elias Ridge, a black boy, is sentenced to die in the electric chair in Oklahoma in two months time for killing a white farmer’s wife, one Wellington Adair, if I have her first name right (mostly she’s referred to, even in court rulings, as Mrs George Adair). I say boy because Elias Ridge is 13 years and 8 months old. His brother-in-law will later be convicted for his involvement – evidently he promised Elias a pig for killing her. A stay will be issued on the day he was scheduled to be executed. Authorities will continue to try to prove that he’s older than his actual age. The appeals court will overturn the death sentence and he will die in prison in 1933, which is suspiciously young. George Adair will commit suicide on the 17th anniversary of his wife’s murder.

The Greek and Armenian sectors of Smyrna are on fire.

Kemal Pasha names Constantinople as his next target, and suggests Britain get its pale ass out of it. Also Adrianople, Thrace...

Following up on removing the word “obey” from the marriage ceremony, the Episcopal Church turns to the burial service and removes the phrase “and though after my skin worms destroys this body”. And the service can now be read over suicides. But divorced Episcopalians are banned from remarrying and all Episcopalians are banned from marrying divorced people unless the divorce was for infidelity. They also pass a resolution against the KKK.

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Wednesday, September 14, 2022

Today -100: September 14, 1922: Of mandates, duels, mad anti-hatters, and babbitts

The Universal Negro Improvement Association, which used to be Marcus Garvey’s group but is no longer, applies to the League of Nations for a mandate over some part of Africa, possibly taking over the British mandate in South West Africa, where the British distinguished themselves by bombing villages over the non-payment of dog licenses.

There is a question as to whether Hungary’s law restricting the number of Jews attending universities applies to refugees. Somehow this argument has resulted in the rector of Budapest University challenging the rector of the University of Szegedin to a duel, with swords.

The straw hat season is over, or will be on the 15th, so “rowdies” throughout New York City smash people’s hats, as was the custom. There are straw hat bonfires. Magistrate Peter (ahem) Hatting fines 7 hat-smashers $5 each before threatening that the next defendants will go to jail.

Gov. Thomas Hardwick of Georgia is defeated for re-election in the Democratic primaries due to his opposition to the Ku Klux Klan, losing to actual klansman Clifford Walker. 

Sinclair Lewis’s Babbitt is published.

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Tuesday, September 13, 2022

Today -100: September 13, 1922: Of obedience, terrors of the air, seltzer, and bleases

The bishops of the Episcopal Church remove the word “obey” from their marriage ceremony.

Headline of the Day -100:  

The long-range (1,000 miles) bomber “Cubaroo.”

Muslims in British India are elated over Turkey’s defeat of Greece and want it to retain as much territory as possible.

The new Miss America doesn’t use cosmetics.

The New York Society for the Suppression of Vice’s prosecution of Thomas Seltzer by for publishing D.H. Lawrence’s Women in Love and other books, and a librarian for lending A Young Girl’s Diary, is dismissed by a NYC magistrate.

The attempt of Coleman Blease, who long-term readers will remember from his term as racist-even-by-South-Carolina-standards governor (1911-15), to return to the office of racist-even-by-South-Carolina-standards governor ends when he loses the Democratic primary.

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Monday, September 12, 2022

Today -100: September 12, 1922: The Greasy Turkey War?

France and Britain backed different sides in the Greco-Turko War or whatever it’s called, but they agree that Turkey cannot be allowed control of the Dardanelles.

Eleutherios Venizelos, who was Greece’s prime minister until he was forced into exile after King Alexander died of a monkey bite, has some demands before he’ll consider returning, including the abdication of King Constantine, the resignation of the government, and a plebiscite to see if Greece wants him back, which just sounds needy to me.

The luxuriantly named Nikolaos Triantafyllakos is sworn in as Greek prime minister.

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Sunday, September 11, 2022

Today -100: September 11, 1922: I am confidently expecting a demonstration of your known virtues of patriotism and concord

Before Turkish troops entered Smyrna, their planes dropped leaflets advising the population to remain calm and “support the Turkish cause by joining the Nationalist movement. Or else.” I may have added that last bit.

Kemal Pasha refuses to guarantee to the League of Nations that victorious Turkish troops won’t commit massacres in Asia Minor. Or to put it another way, they’re about to start massacring Armenians.

And there’s typhus, because of course there’s typhus.

Returning Greek troops are piiiiiissed. King Constantine issues a proclamation about this “terrible trial” and the army’s “glorious deeds” (well, they did run away quite quickly). Conny says “I am confidently expecting a demonstration of your known virtues of patriotism and concord,” by which he means “please don’t riot and force me to abdicate.”

Bolivia, following Peru’s lead, withdraws from the League of Nations General Assembly, pissed that the Chilean Agustín Edwards has been elected League of Nations president.

Headline of the Day -100:  

review of The Hound of the Baskervilles, the Eille Norwood movie adaptation (I’ve seen one or two of his Sherlock Holmes shorts, but not this one) suggests that “Maybe the Doyle stories are not suitable screen material.” Or maybe Norwood just sucked.

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Saturday, September 10, 2022

Today -100: September 10, 1922: Of smyrnas, presidents, and fords

Greece surrenders Smyrna to the Turks.

The Irish Dáil elects William Cosgrave president of the Irish Free State.

Henry Ford will start firing employees with alcohol on their breath.

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Friday, September 09, 2022

Today -100: September 9, 1922: Of dog taxes, smyrnas, princesses, and trustees for the deity,

The League of Nations discusses whether South Africa’s League mandate over Southwest Africa gives it the right to drop bombs on Hottentots refusing to pay dog tax. Let’s unpack that: the Bondelswarts are rejecting a very high cash tax on their herding & hunting dogs (£1 for one dog, rising to £10 for 5). The idea, like all cash taxes in colonies, is to force the natives to work (cheaply) for the South African settlers who moved in to steal land. The bombing killed scores and soldiers burned Bondelswarts huts. This is brought to the attention of the Assembly by the delegate from Haiti.

The Greek Greek Commissioner “hands over” Smyrna to the Allies and then runs for his life.

Princess Hermin of Reuss-Greiz is back! Visiting ex-kaiser Wilhelm at Doorn! Engaging in animated conversation! Ex-crown prince Friedrich Wilhelm has also shown up, presumably to try to talk his randy father down.

Attorney General Harry Daugherty agrees to return funds seized as alien property during the war. Since they were owned by the Reformed Church of Hungary, he says it’s really God who owns them (the church is “trustee for the deity for religious purposes”), so it would be sacrilegious to keep them.

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Thursday, September 08, 2022

Today -100: September 8, 1922: Of royal matches, juices, and blossoms

Greece asks for an armistice, which the Turks are unlikely to give because they’re, you know, winning. The Greek government resigns.

Ex-kaiser Wilhelm is considering marrying Princess Hermin of Reuss-Greiz; his family is trying to get him not to. For a start, she comes burdened with 5 children from her first marriage. Plus, she isn’t of royal birth; she’s only durchlaut, which is a rank above noble but below royal, and German royalists are super-snobby about shit like that. We’ve come across the two principalities, states, statelets, whatever, of Reuss before, by the way, they’re the ones where all the males of the royal family are named Heinrich and have been since c.1200 AD; thus, Hermin’s father was Prince Heinrich XXII, whose brothers were Heinrich XXI and Heinrich XXIII. It’s thought that Willy’s been dissuaded from the match, but it won’t stick. Both have recently lost their spouses (hers fell off a horse, as was the custom). She’s 34 and he’s 63.

A black man named O.J. Johnson, “twice tried on a charge of murder,” is lynched in Newton, Texas.

Brazil celebrates the 100th anniversary of independence.

Sarah Winchester, of Winchester Mystery House fame, dies.

At the second Miss America pageant, the prettiest contestant is named as... wait for it... Thelma Blossom of Indianapolis. She won’t be Miss America though; the crown will go to a 16-year-old who lied about her age. What the hell is a rolling chair parade, anyway? 

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Wednesday, September 07, 2022

Today -100: September 7, 1922: Imprescriptible rights are the imprescriptiblest rights

The Vatican is livid about the Earl of Balfour’s proposal for safeguarding the holy places in Palestine, because Catholics will only be a minority on the sub-commissions. It threatens that Catholic countries will “safeguard the ancient and imprescriptible rights of the Catholic Church in the Holy Land.”

As the final loss of Greece in its war with Turkey draws near, Britain, France, Italy, and the US are sending warships to Smyrna to protect their nationals. The NYT, in an editorial entitled “The White Man’s Burden,” says that Britain, France & Italy have “the responsibility of defending civilized European peoples against a hopelessly unprogressive Asiatic foe.” (To be fair, the hopelessly unprogressive Asiatics are celebrating their victory with a massacre of Armenians and various other Christians, including some American citizens.)

In another op-ed page appeal to civilization, the NYT accuses the railroad employees of “Uncivilized Strike Methods.” Which consist of, um, striking. Did you know that if RR workers don’t work, the RRs don’t run? Fact Check: True.

Rumors that Éamon de Valera and Erskine Childers have been captured. Fact Check: Not so True. Also, “two reliable men” tell the Chicago Tribune that Arthur Griffith’s body has been exhumed and... he was poisoned. Fact Check: Oh, what do you think?

Vice President Coolidge is booed at the Minnesota State Fair, loudly enough that he is forced to stop his speech. Nothing against the veep, I think, they just want the racing to start.

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Tuesday, September 06, 2022

Today -100: September 6, 1922: And in the box there was...

A. Philip Randolph, editor of the negro magazine The Messenger, receives a box containing a white human hand and a letter signed “K.K.K.” I think they’re annoyed that Randolph writes about lynchings.

The Texas Democratic State Convention rejects resolutions condemning the KKK.

Greece issues reports of victories in its war with Turkey, but actually its soldiers are running away just as fast as their little legs can carry them.

The Anti-Saloon League cheers the retirement of Supreme Court Justice John Hessin Clarke, who gave a speech in February saying prohibition hurt respect for the law.

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Monday, September 05, 2022

Today -100: September 5, 1922: Of justices, phosphates, and squaws

Supreme Court Justice John Hessin Clarke, a Wilson appointee, resigns, effective in a couple of weeks on his 65th birthday. He plans to campaign for the US to join the League of Nations and to enjoy not having to see Justice McReynolds every day.  Harding will nominate his friend and campaign adviser, former senator George Sutherland of Utah, to replace him. Sutherland is not a Mormon, by the way; all senators from Utah since him have been Mormons. He will move the Court to the right.

Greece, losing its war against Turkey, claims the Soviets are backing Turkey. The article says General Trikoupis, the commander-in-chief, has been “replaced.” It neglects to elucidate that he has been captured by the Turks.

The Third Assembly of the League of Nations opens, and will get stuck into the work of determining whether Britain, Australia and New Zealand are violating the terms of their joint L of N mandate over Nauru by establishing a monopoly of bird shit.

Headline of the Day -100:  

Also 10 buckets of war paint and several bales of feathers.

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Sunday, September 04, 2022

Today -100: September 4, 1922: Of derision while drunk, tanks, and restoring order

Attorney Gen. Harry Daugherty’s injunction against railroad strikers is put to use to nab dangerous miscreants: one Hugh Noonan is arrested in Chicago, “alleged to have derided railroad employees bound for work”. He will be released because he was drunk.

The Turks are defeating the Greeks in, um, whatever their war is called. And they’re using tanks, which sounds like a first for Turkey. There’s a turducken joke in there somewhere, probably, and if you can come up with it, post it in comments.

Communists demonstrate on Berlin’s Kurfürstendamm and get into scuffles. Since the cops don’t carry night-sticks but only guns, rifles, and... hand grenades... hand grenades, really? they “could do nothing else to restore order but fire into the crowd.” 

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Saturday, September 03, 2022

Today -100: September 3, 1922: Of public welfare, lynchings, and talk radio

The coal strike is settled, on the old pay scale for a year, without the wage cuts the owners wanted. This isn’t being presented as a win for the miners but as everyone complying with Harding’s letter calling for everyone to agree “in the name of the public welfare.”

A black man is lynched near Winder, Georgia.

William Jennings Bryan says radio will be a great boon to the Democrats, since it will give equal time to the parties, compared with newspapers, which are Republican. Also he wants to divide colleges into Christian, atheist, or agnostic, depending on whether they want to teach evolution, and students could choose a college which doesn’t threaten their existing beliefs. Win win.

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Friday, September 02, 2022

Today -100: September 2, 1922: There comes a time in the history of all nations when the people must be advised whether they have a government or not

Without any advanced warning or hint, Attorney General Harry Daugherty gets an injunction against railroad strikers, forbidding them interfering in any way with the operation of RR’s. Daugherty says “there comes a time in the history of all nations when the people must be advised whether they have a government or not.” He talks about the sacred Open Shop, a lot. He compares the “right to work” with the right not to be compelled to work. So unions are just as bad as slavery, or something. The American Federation of Labor will consider responding with a general strike.

The US refuses to adhere to a League of Nations plan to restrict private arms sales, effectively killing it.

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Thursday, September 01, 2022

Today -100: September 1, 1922: Of bonuses, consulates, and ghosts

The Bonus Bill passes the Senate, with 27 R’s and 20 D’s voting in favor. Harding is expected to veto it.

The State Dept denies that Gen. Enoch Crowder was directed to issue that ultimatum to Cuba and he probably wouldn’t have done it all on his own, er, would he?

Britain orders the US consulate in Newcastle closed because its consul and vice consul were refusing visas to Brits traveling to the US unless they used American steamship lines. Which I assume means they were bribed to do so, but the officials are simply transferred to other countries.

Headline of the Day -100:  

The alleged g&g supposedly being at 1587 Atlantic Ave., Brooklyn, the site of a former roadhouse, in a building now being torn down, whose owner’s spirit appeared to a woman and mentioned having buried gold in it.

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Wednesday, August 31, 2022

Today -100: August 31, 1922: Of meat courses, popemobiles, lynchings, and suck it, PS 127!

Bad crops and the fall of the mark have Germany worried about its food supply. They may ban the manufacture of strong beer, and restaurants will be told to offer only one meat course. ONLY ONE MEAT COURSE! It’s like they don’t even know Germans. Cologne bans the sale of necessary daily goods to foreigners crossing the border to take advantage of the collapse of the mark; Czech traders are buying goods in Dresden and attempting to smuggle them over the border. Marks are in short supply since the government can’t print them fast enough.

The House of Representatives rejects proposals giving the president power to seize mines and railroads, after being told Harding doesn’t want it.

Pope Pius is now the first pope to have a car. Italy gives him a diplomatic plate, after some discussion, number CD 55-325.

A Shreveport, Louisiana mob lynches Thomas Rivers, a black man.

Gen. Enoch Crowder, Harding’s “special representative” in Cuba (in lieu of an ambassador), tells Cuba that if it doesn’t pass 5 reforms he laid out for them (judicial reform, something about the civil service, and floating a loan), and within 10 days, he will leave the country. He doesn’t threaten to send in the Marines, but I think they get the gist.

Supposedly all of Southern Russia, starting with Odessa, is in revolt against Bolshevik rule.

Headline of the Day -100:  

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Tuesday, August 30, 2022

Today -100: August 30, 1922: Of bluffs, gliders, hirams, and finks

Commerce Secretary Herbert Hoover says Henry Ford’s announced plans to shut down all his plants over coal shortages/high costs are a bluff and that only $1.50 would be added to the cost of a car. There are also rumors that Ford’s plan is that his laid off workers would get jobs as scabs with the railroads to help break the strike.

Headline of the Day -100:  

Gliders! Giant gliders! They’re planning to map out wind currents so these giant motorless airships can just fly and fly for thousands of miles.

Contrary to the NYT’s predictions, Hiram Johnson is winning the Republican primary to keep his US Senate seat. Upton Sinclair is unopposed for the Socialist nomination for Senate. But more interestingly, in California, there are 927,000 registered Republicans, at least a plurality in every county, 305,000 Democrats, 22,511 Socialists, and 21,250 Prohibitionists (plus 173,000 decline to states).

Italy’s idea for an economic & customs union with Austria has crashed and burned.

Henry Fink, who wrote the songs “I’ve Wasted My Love on You” and “The Curse of an Aching Heart, or You Made Me What I Am Today,” is getting divorced.

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Monday, August 29, 2022

Today -100: August 29, 1922: An orgy of theology, morals and ancient history

It would have been nice if the NYT had offered better coverage of the Texas Democratic primary campaign. I mean, they sure make it sound entertaining in this op-ed piece: “The last weeks of the campaign provided an orgy of theology, morals and ancient history such as must have edified the whole voting population.” Former governor James Ferguson brandished affidavits of people who swore they’d seen prohibitionist Earle Mayfield having a drink. Ferguson, impeached as governor in 1917 in part for trying to blackmail the University of Texas, attacked higher ed as a scheme for making a living without having to work. Mayfield sent alleged moral leaders like the formidably named Rev. Hubert Knickerbocker around the state making speeches like “The Kaiser, the Devil and Jim Ferguson.”

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Sunday, August 28, 2022

Today -100: August 28, 1922: Meeting good faith with good faith and good-will with good-will

Éamon de Valera has supposedly been injured.

British Colonial Secretary Winston Churchill telegraphs William Cosgrave, the acting head of the Irish government, that the Anglo-Irish Treaty still stands, despite 2 of its 5 Irish signers having died this month, 1 having retired, and another having deserted to the nationalist side. He says Britain “will meet good faith with good faith and good-will with good-will,” which kinda sounds like a threat.

Copper mines in the West are complaining about a shortage of miners due to the new immigration laws. Also they pay less than the oil fields but sure, it’s probably the immigration thing.

All of the Klan-supported candidates in the Texas Democratic primary win except impeached former governor James Ferguson, who’s just as racist as anyone else, god knows, but also supports light wines and beer.

Radio station WEAF of NYC broadcasts the first radio commercial, a 15-minute infomercial for an apartment complex in Jackson Heights. “You owe it to yourself and you owe it to your family to leave the hemmed-in, sombre-hued, artificial apartment life of the congested city section and enjoy what nature intended you enjoy.”

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Saturday, August 27, 2022

Today -100: August 27, 1922: Of banishments, shutdowns, klandidates, men of mystery, and states of incoherence

Russia orders the banishment of 1,500 intellectuals from Russia. This includes university professors, Kerensky’s minister of education, and the lawyers who withdrew from the show trial of Social Revolutionaries. 

Given the coal shortage caused by the strike (and speculators), Ford will shut all his plants on September 16th, putting over 100,000 employees out of work plus many more in Ford’s supply chain. Ford says he has “not the remotest idea” when he’ll reopen.

A bunch of Klan candidates win in the Texas Democratic primaries.

The NYT Sunday Magazine has an article about Sir Basil Zaharoff, “man of mystery” and possibly the richest man in the world. Look him up. This arms dealer and owner of the Monte Carlo Casino achieved this by sabotaging his competitors, starting arms races between opposing countries, such as Greece and Turkey, selling to both sides, and generally being evil and buying anything he wanted, including that “Sir,” which I assume Lloyd George sold him for a hefty sum. The article says he’s never made a public statement about anything. Ian Fleming supposedly based Blofeld on him. You wouldn’t get almost any of that from this article.

Russian Minister of War Trotsky, in a press conference, says Russia would be happy to demobilize completely if the rest of Europe did the same but, sadly, “Never has Europe been in such a state of incoherence.” He says that while people accuse Russia of paying its foreign collaborators, it’s actually French Prime Minister Raymond Poincaré who is doing the most to bring about world revolution by his pressure on Germany, which might well force it into revolution. He says Russia’s new policy of banishment is more humane than “crushing” its opponents and that the freedom of party organization will be restored when capitalism is beaten.

Headline of the Day -100:  

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Friday, August 26, 2022

Today -100: August 26, 1922: But how much does one of those wheelbarrows cost?

Okay, what sort of parents are taking their children to see Michael Collins’s body in Dublin City Hall?

The German mark is re-markably unstable (see what I did there?), its value ranging between 1700 to a US dollar to 2600 to a dollar on the Berlin Bourse yesterday. Communists call protest meetings as the price of bread and other staples doubles (bread went up 40% just today). There’s talk in the government about rationing, but Chancellor Joseph Wirth wonders whether the German people still have the moral strength to bear it.

Paterson, New Jersey schools have reintroduced the teaching of German, and the Klan is not best pleased.

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Thursday, August 25, 2022

Today -100: August 25, 1922: Of coal and cyclops-reverend-doctors

Italy warns everyone that it opposes Austria either being absorbed by Germany or joining the Little Entente. Says doing either would be a casus belli. 

The Senate is debating having the president take over the coal mines if the strike isn’t ended in, say, 48 hours.

Michael Collins was killed on the very day he was due to get married. But there’s no truth to the rumor that he was 3 days from retirement and getting too old for this shit.

Former Pres. Woodrow Wilson denies the accusation of KKK Cyclops Rev. Dr. A.C. Parker of Dallas that 85% of his appointees were Catholics.

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Wednesday, August 24, 2022

Today -100: August 24, 1922: Of curses and medium ententes

The NYT thinks that the deaths this month of Arthur Griffith and Michael Collins have caused people to think that Ireland is under a curse and that its efforts to govern itself are doomed to failure and maybe they should just call the English back in. The editorial doesn’t quote any actual Irish people who think this. And it isn’t saying that itself, mind, it just wants the Free State to come down hard on de Valera (if he can ever be found) and the bands of anti-Treaty republicans.

France is trying to force Austria to join the Little Entente to serve as another buffer state between France and Germany. Italy sees this as a reestablishment of a weaker version of the Austro-Hungarian Empire containing its biggest rivals, Yugoslavia and Austria. So some in Italy are proposing an economic union with Austria, essentially making Austria a protectorate of Italy.

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Tuesday, August 23, 2022

Today -100: August 23, 1922: Of Collins, old-fashioned heavy beer, and klan fans

Michael Collins goes on an inspection tour of military posts in County Cork.. When his motorcade comes under attack by a large band of IRAers in a well-planned attack, he decides to stop and fight rather than, say, drive away in his nice safe armored car. So he’s dead now. The chief of the Provisional Government of the Irish Free State and commander-in-chief of its army was 31.

Johnstown, Pennsylvania is still drinking beer. That “old-fashioned heavy beer” is being openly sold “is the experience of the New York Times correspondent.” I’ll bet. The federal prohibition director for Pennsylvania claims that what’s being sold is actually near-beer, and customers are just fooling themselves that they’re getting drunk, or something.

James Ferguson, the impeached former governor of Texas running for the US Senate, is jeered at a campaign speech in Houston when he starts attacking the KKK. The same occurs at a Sacramento speech by Los Angeles DA Thomas Woolwine, running for governor of California as a Democrat against possible Klan member Friend Richardson. Woolwine is Catholic.

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Monday, August 22, 2022

Today -100: August 22, 1922: Man, that would buy a lot of rifles

The Irish Free State gets a NY Supreme Court justice to stop Éamon de Valera withdrawing any of the $2.3m raised in the US. They don’t really intend to accomplish that – the Dáil might have legal standing to ask for the funds, the government does not. The move is more about dissuading Americans from contributing to the IRA.

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Sunday, August 21, 2022

Today -100: August 21, 1922: I won’t tell you

As assassination attempt is made on Michael Collins, as was the custom. Or at least on his car, with rifles and a bomb, but he is not in the car at the time. The IRAers are fought off by the soldiers in the car, or the assassins just realized that Collins wasn’t there.

The Chicago Ku Klux Klan initiates 4,650 new idiots at night in a field outside the city, with a large cross illuminated by hundreds of automobile headlights (no mention of whether they set it on fire).

Henry Ford, asked by Collier’s whether he’d accept a presidential nomination: “I won’t tell you.”

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Saturday, August 20, 2022

Today -100: August 20, 1922: Of beer & free food, tariffs!, women marshals, and banishments

Johnstown, Pennsylvania responds eagerly to Mayor Joseph Cauffiel’s permission for beer to be served. Saloons make a big deal of serving it alongside free food. Evidently the trick is to put out a ham, but no knife. It is assumed the feds will crack down heavily come Monday, which is evidently the point. Cauffiel is actually a long-time prohibitionist, who recently called for 100 volunteers to wipe out booze and got 2, and who complains that his crusade against alcohol has not been supported by the courts, the state or the feds. So this whole thing is a ruse to get the feds to crack down on his town, I guess. But what about the buggy, wormy water?

The Senate passes the Fordney-McCumber Tariff Bill on a mostly party-line vote. It will raise tariffs on a broad range of agricultural and industrial products, and give the president the power to raise tariffs on his own. Some of the senators who voted in favor say they will vote against the final bill if certain things aren’t fixed in conference; for example, Irvine Lenroot (R-Wisc.) says he’ll vote no if the cutlery tariff is not reduced.

Mrs Bertha Ward, the first (probably) woman marshal in the US, in Des Lacs, North Dakota, quits because men just laughed at her and she was never able to arrest anyone.

Russia resumes the Czarist practice of banishing its enemies.

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Friday, August 19, 2022

Today -100: August 19, 1922: The country is at the mercy of the United Mine Workers

Pres. Harding addresses Congress about the coal and railroad strikes. He doesn’t like them. “The country is at the mercy of the United Mine Workers,” he decries. “Wherefore I am resolved to use all the power of the government to maintain transportation and sustain the right of men to work.” He plans to introduce legislation to make decisions of the Railway Labor Board binding. He also wants a government body to buy, sell & distribute coal, which pretty much no one thinks is a good idea. And he has a bill allowing the federal government to move in to punish offenses against aliens protected by treaties with the US (such as the 2 Mexican strikebreaker-miners supposedly killed in Herrin, Illinois).

But here’s the big news out of Harding’s congressional address:

Federal Prohibition agents are going to go after hip flasks in New York restaurants, night clubs, etc, punishing the latter for customers bringing in their own alcohol, but only if they pour it into a glass, since the dry cops aren’t allowed to search people. They do plan to peek under tables.

Johnstown, Pennsylvania Mayor Joseph Cauffiel says that the water in his town is so terrible (worms, bugs coming out of the faucets, etc) that saloons will be permitted to sell beer and drug stores can sell ale, as long as it’s cold.

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Thursday, August 18, 2022

Today -100: August 18, 1922: Of cheap professors and pashas

Northwestern University will no longer hire unmarried professors because it pays so little – $35-40 a week, which is the equivalent of some (but not a lot) money – that they can’t afford to maintain a family in expensive Evanston.

Enver Pasha, one of Turkey’s leaders during the Great War and one of the architects of the Armenian Genocide, is killed by the Red Army in Tajikistan.

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Wednesday, August 17, 2022

Today -100: August 17, 1922: Of hearsts and bullets

Al Smith’s announcement that he’s running for NY governor does not immediately result in William Randolph Hearst pulling out of the race. Some Hearst backers want him to switch to the US Senate race instead.

Headline of the Day -100:  

A month later! The three other bullets he shot into his skull were removed then! This story is not remotely plausible, but what could it be covering for?

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Tuesday, August 16, 2022

Today -100: August 16, 1922: Of candidates, red-baiting, and tickling

Al Smith will run for governor of New York after all. He announces this in a reply to FDR’s letter. He’d still prefer to stay in trucking, for his family, but when his party calls...

Attorney General Harry Daugherty blames the railroad strikes on the IWW – remember them?

Headline of the Day -100:  

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Monday, August 15, 2022

Today -100: August 15, 1922: Of religion in schools, newspaper magnates, Zaghlulists, and smiths

Allegedly, there is a new provision of the Russian legal code punishing the teaching of religion to children in educational institutions with one year hard labor.

British newspaper magnate Lord Northcliffe (The Times, Daily Mail, etc) dies. Lloyd George must be happy today -100. In a rather lovely typo, the NYT says he died of “an affection of the throat.”

Poet-Aviator Gabriele d’Annunzio falls out a window at his villa. Falling off a balcony would have been more appropriate, but we take what we can get.

In supposedly independent Egypt, a British court-martial sentences seven “Zaghlulists” (supporters of Saad Zaghloul, who the Brits exiled to the Seychelles, to death for expressing, you know, opinions [in 1919, I think?]), then commute the sentence to 7 years plus a fine. The Egyptian government is currently at odds with King Fuad over a new constitution. Faud wants more power, naturally.

FDR writes to Alfred E. Smith asking him to shit or get off the pot about accepting the Democratic nomination for governor of NY.

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Sunday, August 14, 2022

Today -100: August 14, 1922: Of red clergy

The Soviets are trying to put reformists, aka Red clergy or Living Church, in place of the Orthodox Church (the “dead church”). Clergy and monks can marry now.

Slow news day -100.

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Saturday, August 13, 2022

Today -100: August 13, 1922: Of dead griffiths and national anthems

Arthur Griffith, president of the Dáil Éireann and Irish foreign minister, dies suddenly from... a heart attack following a tonsillectomy? 

For the celebration of the 3rd anniversary of the Weimar Republic’s Constitution, “Deutschland Über Alles” is played. Pres. Ebert has decided it’s not an imperial song after all and names it the German national anthem (Weimar hasn’t had one), citing the alleged republicanism of the poet August Hoffmann, who wrote the words in the 1840s and attached them to a Haydn tune which was definitely an imperial song, written in 1797 for Holy Roman Emperor Franz II’s birthday.

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Friday, August 12, 2022

Today -100: August 12, 1922: Of dry jokes, expulsions, and presidential chewing baccy

The Keith chain of vaudeville theatres bans jokes about Prohibition. They claim they’re not taking sides, just that there have been sooooo many of the jokes that they’ve become boring and annoying.

France responds to Germany’s refusal to compensate French holders of German securities by ordering the expulsion of 500 German citizens from Alsace-Lorraine. The amount of baggage and cash they’re allowed is limited.

Headline of the Day -100:  

God only knows what Edison gave him in return.

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Thursday, August 11, 2022

Today -100: August 11, 1922: Of fokkers, pistols, burnt cork, and stunts

Headline of the Day -100:  

An average speed of 160 kph. That’s one fast Fokker.

Italian Fascist leaders deny rumors that they’re planning to seize Rome. So that’s okay then.

The American Bar Association’s Committee on Law Enforcement recommends banning the manufacture and sale of pistols, which “serve no useful purpose in the community today.”

Britain executes the two IRA men who assassinated Field Marshal Sir Henry Wilson.

Irish Free State forces capture Cork. Rebels blow up a few buildings, set more on fire, and retreat.

Actor/stuntman John Stevenson dies leaping from a bus to an elevated train girder and hitting his head on the latter. In a stunt; he wasn’t doing it for fun. He was standing in for Pearl (Perils of Pauline) White for the serial Plunder, wearing a white dress, white stockings, and a blonde wig. Pathé claims that Pearl White always does her own stunts, despite the rather obvious evidence to the contrary.

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Wednesday, August 10, 2022

Today -100: August 10, 1922: You would not want to be crushed by armed force

Henry Ford says the rail and coal strikes could be solved if the financial kings of Wall Street were muzzled. Jews, he means Jews. He doesn’t say Jews, but we all know what he means. Evidently, and see if you can follow Ford’s logic, unions are also all created by the capitalists, the better to control workers.

The War Dept is getting its khaki knickers in a twist over Communist circulars “undermining the morale” of soldiers. They do this by requesting that they “Do not shoot your brothers, the railway and mine strikers.” You know, morale. “Remember this, the workers are never your enemies. Soon you may be in their ranks, and you would not want to be crushed by armed force. ... It is not treason to refuse to become an assassin of the workers.” I suspect the Army would differ on that.

The Moscow show trial of the Social Revolutionaries ends after two months with 14 SRs sentenced to death, 3 acquitted and the rest sentenced to prison for up to 10 years. Some of the condemned had turned informer, so they’re pardoned. But no one will be executed immediately. Rather, they’ll be held hostage to SR good behaviour, that is ceasing “all underground and conspirative acts of terrorism, espionage and insurrection.” (The SR prisoners will be killed by Stalin in the ’30s, I believe, but who wasn’t?).

Huh, “conspirative” is a real word. Who knew?

The Texas Republican Party convention’s platform accuses the Democrat Party of being dominated by the Ku Klux Klan. Which is an exaggeration but holy shit have you seen what’s in the 2022 Texas Republican platform?

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