Sunday, July 30, 2017

Today -100: July 30, 1917: Of legions and canning

Gen. Jozef Pilsudski, leader of the Polish Legions, which have been fighting against Russia under Austrian command, is arrested (along with other leaders of the Legions) because he ordered members to refuse to take an oath to the German kaiser (I believe they already had to take one to the Austrian emperor). Pilsudski, who was only ever in the fight against Russia to gain autonomy for Poland, had watched the lip service of the Central Powers to Polish autonomy grow weaker as Russia became weaker. He will be held prisoner until the end of the war, and then rise to power (and then to dictatorial power in the 1930s) in Poland.

Germany threatens to withhold coal from Switzerland unless it makes a huge loan to Germany.

A mass meeting of negroes, representing NYC negro churches, clubs, etc, calls for black representation in the Legislature and Board of Alderman, squads of negro police and firemen, and a negro-only bathhouse.

Headline of the Day -100: 

Much of the newspaper for the next few days is taken up by lists of New Yorkers called up for draft examination.

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